Extreme Engineering in Kuwait ” The Al Hamra Tower” Something Special

 

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Extreme Engineering have been presented in “The Al -Hamra Firdous Tower”  Soaring 414 m high, Al Hamra takes pride of place as Kuwait’s tallest tower.Towering above its contemporaries on the skyline, the Al Hamra mixed-use luxury complex stands 414 m high as Kuwait’s tallest tower. However, apart from its stature that dominates the skyline of the capital city’s commercial hub, the iconic structure has drawn worldwide attention for its stunning architectural form and the engineering expertise that has gone into creating it.

  
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Parametric Process The geometry of SOM’s Al Hamra Firdous Tower is based on a set of criteria that took into account the clients’ leasing strategy as well as environmental factors such as solar exposure and wind loading.Flowing Form The mostly rectilinear Al Hamra has three glazed facades that allow occupants to take advantage of views of the Gulf to the north, east, and west. However, a pair of ribbonlike reinforced-concrete walls on its south side make the tower appear as though it wears a billowing cloak.
 
Tower Walls
 
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Carved and Angled The tower’s almost 5-foot-thick south-facing wall has deeply set windows for solar protection.Solid and Shaped The hefty south-facing wall is clad in limestone panels. The sculptural walls that flare from this facade are clad in the same stone, but with trencadis—a mosaic of shardlike pieces.
 
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Forces and Form On the building’s north face, perimeter columns cant outwards to increase the lobby depth and create an impressive entrance. The columns form part of a system of weblike reinforced-concrete vaults called lamellae.Concrete Filigree The entry hall’s vaulted, reinforced-concrete lamellae are painted white, enhancing their lacelike quality.Almost Gothic Al Hamra has a soaring, 80-foot-tall entry hall, with a floor and core walls finished in the same limestone that clads the sculptural south-facing elevation.
 
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The stone trencadis covering the cast-in-place flare walls lends the building a handcrafted quality that is especially evident up close.
 
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The Al Hamra will likely soon replace the late-1970s Kuwait Towers, which include a water tower and rotating “viewing sphere,” as the city’s most-recognized landmark.
 
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Subtractive Geometry Like many tall buildings, the Al Hamra has a central shear wall core and a perimeter moment frame. However, about one quarter of its otherwise square floor plate has been removed. The removed portion incrementally shifts at each level. The edges of the resulting cut are defined by a pair of hyperbolic paraboloid walls.
 
 
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Lacy but Strong Developed through nonlinear buckling analysis, the lamella system reduces the unbraced length of structural elements. It increases load-carrying capacity almost eightfold but allows designers to keep columns slender.
 
 
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Feature Produced by: WCK Technical Team

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